Your dog is not just a companion but, once you adopt it, you make it a member of the family and it becomes your responsibility. Beyond being fun and adorable, your puppy and later your dog need a considerable amount of affection and health care in order for both you and it to lead a happy life. There is no reason in having the company of a dog, or any other pet for that matter, if it is sick or suffering. Cruelty towards animals is no less serious than cruelty towards a human being.
Dog care includes food and nutrients, regular health check to the veterinarian, grooming and cleaning, training and identification.
The food you choose for your dog should suit its breed. Some are more active and have a fast metabolism so you will need to complete its daily food with vitamins and extra nutrients. Others have a slower metabolism and are not that active so you should be careful how much you feed them so as not to become overweight or develop other serious conditions. The dog should always have fresh water ready for it. And just like humans they need daily exercise and the company of its person.
Some breeds are prone to certain conditions like bone diseases. These are frequent in Beagles or Basset Hounds for example. Others can be susceptible to diabetes, eye infections or epilepsy.
After taking care of your dog from the inside you need to take special care to its environment, the house. Be careful not to leave around chemicals that can be ingested by your pet and poison itself. The plants around its reach should not be dangerous to its health in case it eats it. The dog should not able to reach your food and you should not leave around food that can damage its digestive system.
The dog should always be consulted by a veterinarian in case it shows suspicious health or behavioral reactions. It should always have a collar with id tag and a microchip if necessary. When going outside, even if the dog is properly trained, it should be kept on a leash.
Grooming and cleaning of its coat should be done according to the requirements of the breed. Cleaning is usually up to the owner but grooming is as demanding as its breed necessitates it to be. It is recommended grooming the dog daily.
Buying toys and accessories for your dog is not absolutely necessary but in some cases it is actually indispensable. For example, you will need a dog carrier when travelling and some specially designed toys, made from special materials for the period when its teeth are growing and hurt.
Training should be firstly done by the owner and afterward contact a professional if the dog has a difficult personality. The dog should be obedient and well behaved around other people. The training should never involve violence; instead the owner should use a harsh tone of voice when reprimanding the dog and as a last resort make loud, heavy noises by hitting a newspaper or magazine away from the dog.
Ultimately it is important to spend as much time as possible with your dog in order to know it and recognize its reactions and habits. Only one person will be able to contain and have its complete attention and affection.